National Geographic and Smithsonian Cling to Their Beliefs!

Both the National Geographic Society and the Smithsonian Institute have refused to consider placing a link to my web page describing how the Egyptian pyramids were most likely constructed using wooden ramps instead of gigantic mud rubble ramps.

The following is the reply from National Geographic Society:

Dear Frank Steiger:

Thank you for your letter to the National Geographic Society.

We appreciate reading about your theory on how the pyramids might have been constructed. Unfortunately, we are not able to include this information on our website. Over the years we have received many theories, a number of which are feasible. Showing that a certain theory could work, however, would not provide definitive proof that it is the method ancient Egyptians used to manage their engineering marvels. Without corroborating evidence written materials, artifacts, etc. there is no way to prove any theory beyond a shadow of a doubt.

Best wishes,

Lisa T. Walker National Geographic Society

The National Geographic Society is operating under a double standard where pyramid construction is concerned. Its web site not only publishes information that lacks definitive proof, but also lacks feasibility. The following is from National Geographic's own web site on Egyptian pyramid construction:

An estimated 20,000 to 30,000 workers built the Pyramids at Giza over 80 years. Much of the work probably happened while the River Nile was flooded. Huge limestone blocks could be floated from quarries right to the base of the Pyramids. The stones would likely then be polished by hand and pushed up ramps to their intended positions.

There is no proof that the limestone blocks were floated to the base of the pyramids. Exactly how this could be done is completely lacking in credibility. "Pushed up ramps"? A mud ramp to the top of a 500 foot high pyramid is preposterous!

The following is from the Smithsonian web page on Egyptian pyramid construction:

The blocks were then brought up ramps to their positions in the pyramid. Knowledge of astronomy was necessary to orient the pyramids to the cardinal points, and water-filled trenches probably were used to level the perimeter.

It is possible that water filled trenches were used to level the first course of pyramid construction. However, chipping away at wet trenches hundreds of feet long instead of using the surveyor's level described in my web site seems to me to be unlikely. My explanation describes the use of a plumb level, similar to a surveyor's level but without the glass lenses. This procedure could be used at all levels as construction proceeded.

Both Smithsonian and National Geographic have consistently refused to recognize their shortcomings in what is supposed to be authoritative information. In spite of repeated efforts on my part, they have refused to even place a link to information that differs from their preconceived assumptions.